Settlement of the Carolinas

Chapter - XLVI Settlement of the Carolinas. 
1. The coast of Carolina was explored in 1563, and named after 
Charles IX., of France. The first attempt at a settlement, and indeed 
one of the first ever made within the present limits of the United 
States, was by Sir Walter Raleigh, in 1585, twenty-two years before 
Jamestown was settled, and thirty-five years before the landing at 
2. The fleet which brought out the first colonists to Carolina, 
anchored off the island of Wocokon, the southern point of the chain 
of islands and sand-bars which form Oc'-ra-coke inlet. From this 
island, the chief officer of the fleet went to the continent, and, 
during an absence of eight days, discovered several Indian towns. 
3. He next sailed to the Roanoke River, where he landed with one 
hundred and seven persons, designed to form a colony. After 
remaining with them a short time, he left them under the care of a 
Mr. Lane, and returned to England. 
4. The selection of a governor for the colonists could not have been 
more unfortunate. After remaining at the spot about a year, and 
accomplishing nothing, except to manifest a high degree of 
selfishness and shake the faith of the natives in all white men, they 
were taken back to England by Sir Francis Drake, who touched 
there with a fleet. 
5. No further attempts were made to settle the country till some time 
between the years 1640 and 1650, when a few planters from 
Virginia, under the direction of Governor Berkley, of that province, 
began a colony in Al'-be-marle County, within the present limits of 
North Carolinas. 
6. In 1663, the whole country, from the 30th to the 36th degree of 
north latitude, and--in the extravagant language of those times--from 
the Atlantic to the South Sea, was conveyed by Charles II. to Lord 
Clarendon and his associates, with full power to settle and govern 
it. In 1665, a settlement was made near the mouth of the Clarendon 
or Cape Fear River, by emigrants from Bar-ba'-does; and Sir James 
Yeo'-mans was appointed governor. 
7. A settlement was made, in 1670, at Port Royal, in South Carolina, 
by Governor Sayle; and, in 1671, a few persons located themselves 
at Old Charleston, as it was called, on Ashley River. In 1680, the 
latter spot was abandoned, and the foundation laid of the present 
city of Charleston, several miles nearer the sea. 
8. Up to that year, 1671, all the various settlements which have here 
been mentioned went under the general name of Carolina. At this 
time, however, a division took place, and the northern and southern 
provinces began to be known by the distinctive names of North and 
South Carolina. 
9. It was not far from this time that, during the administration of 
Governor Sayle, an attempt was made in South Carolina to reduce 
to practice the notions, respecting government, of John Locke, the 
celebrated philosopher. But the plan was opposed with a degree of 
bitterness which led to its speedy abandonment, and a return to the 
old form of government. 
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ From: A 
Pictorial History of the United States. with notices of Other Portions 
of America North and South. By S.G. Goodrich, author of Peter 
Parley's Tales, Etc. Etc. 1860 Book.

Transcribed by Diane Mason, and used with her permission.

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