Chapter - XLVI Settlement of the Carolinas. 1. The coast of Carolina was explored in 1563, and named after Charles IX., of France. The first attempt at a settlement, and indeed one of the first ever made within the present limits of the United States, was by Sir Walter Raleigh, in 1585, twenty-two years before Jamestown was settled, and thirty-five years before the landing at Plymouth. 2. The fleet which brought out the first colonists to Carolina, anchored off the island of Wocokon, the southern point of the chain of islands and sand-bars which form Oc'-ra-coke inlet. From this island, the chief officer of the fleet went to the continent, and, during an absence of eight days, discovered several Indian towns. 3. He next sailed to the Roanoke River, where he landed with one hundred and seven persons, designed to form a colony. After remaining with them a short time, he left them under the care of a Mr. Lane, and returned to England. 4. The selection of a governor for the colonists could not have been more unfortunate. After remaining at the spot about a year, and accomplishing nothing, except to manifest a high degree of selfishness and shake the faith of the natives in all white men, they were taken back to England by Sir Francis Drake, who touched there with a fleet. 5. No further attempts were made to settle the country till some time between the years 1640 and 1650, when a few planters from Virginia, under the direction of Governor Berkley, of that province, began a colony in Al'-be-marle County, within the present limits of North Carolinas. 6. In 1663, the whole country, from the 30th to the 36th degree of north latitude, and--in the extravagant language of those times--from the Atlantic to the South Sea, was conveyed by Charles II. to Lord Clarendon and his associates, with full power to settle and govern it. In 1665, a settlement was made near the mouth of the Clarendon or Cape Fear River, by emigrants from Bar-ba'-does; and Sir James Yeo'-mans was appointed governor. 7. A settlement was made, in 1670, at Port Royal, in South Carolina, by Governor Sayle; and, in 1671, a few persons located themselves at Old Charleston, as it was called, on Ashley River. In 1680, the latter spot was abandoned, and the foundation laid of the present city of Charleston, several miles nearer the sea. 8. Up to that year, 1671, all the various settlements which have here been mentioned went under the general name of Carolina. At this time, however, a division took place, and the northern and southern provinces began to be known by the distinctive names of North and South Carolina. 9. It was not far from this time that, during the administration of Governor Sayle, an attempt was made in South Carolina to reduce to practice the notions, respecting government, of John Locke, the celebrated philosopher. But the plan was opposed with a degree of bitterness which led to its speedy abandonment, and a return to the old form of government. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ From: A Pictorial History of the United States. with notices of Other Portions of America North and South. By S.G. Goodrich, author of Peter Parley's Tales, Etc. Etc. 1860 Book.
Transcribed by Diane Mason, and used with her permission.
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